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Hospice @ SG- A Recreational-Focused Hospice





Blur Sotongs

Blur Sotongs -

Math AA

Hospice @ SG - A Recreational-focused Hospice
The goal of this project is to design a lighting system and enhances that can be effectively used in a hospice. We are an electrical & electronic engineer for a new “green” construction company. We will need to present the research and design to the Board consisting of senior engineers with Math and Physics background, and then to the local medical board for eldercare for approval of our strategies. Math and science will be integrated into this project. Firstly, we will need to determine the circuit design of one unit first. Then, we will need to look at the direction for placement of the lightings and switches to be utilized. We will need to consider the design of a complete Hospice with the specifications given and the enhances that will help the nurses and patients. Our product will be a simulation of the lighting system, a mathematical presentation, design and research statements, final circuit diagram and the final report.

Conservation of design in engineering will optimise the use of resources to benefit the recipients in health care industry. People acting individually and/or as groups influence the environment.

How are the needs and wants of those in the elderly health industry directly connected to successful management of resources?
 How can the study of Mathematics and Physics be organized and represented to provide insight into the relationship between quantities?

OUR PROBLEM: People living in hospices don’t have enough recreational facilities.
This proposal will be for those elderly who want to have more recreational facilities. In each point has indicated the appropriate lighting for the areas.

  • The bedrooms will be elderly friendly with facilities suited to the elderly’s needs.
    • Lighting: Medium (day) - adjustable (at night)
  • There will be a balcony/mini garden outside every few rooms, giving the patients freedom to grow their own plants in the mini garden, and decorate it in any way they like, as long as the other patients agree on the decorations.
    • Lighting: Adjustable (at night)
  • There will be a common exercise area at every level for the elderly to work out whenever they want. This area will help elderly stay in good physical and mental conditions.
    • Lighting: Medium
  • There will be an activity room, comprising of a TV area, soft sofa area and chess area. The TV area is for watching TV together; soft sofa area for interacting; and chess area for them to play chess. There will also be a karaoke set for elderly to enjoy themselves. Studies have shown that listening to songs in their past can help elderly with dementia to regain some memories.
    • Lighting: Medium
  • Lastly, there will be 2 toilets outside every 3 rooms which will elderly friendly (bars and handles).
    • Lighting: Bright

Rationale of lighting:
We decided that the lighting in the common exercise area and activity room will be at medium brightness so that the lighting is comfortable. Lighting in the bedroom and balcony will be adjustable for suitable adjustments in the day and night. Lastly, the lighting in the toilet will be bright so that the elderly can be more careful and not slip and fall while using the toilet.

Engineering Design Process
OHM’s Law: Relationship between Power, Current and Voltage.
Google Sketchup to design and animate hospice in 3-D
Electricity: Series, Parallel and Combination Connections
Algebra: Change of subject
Placing the light bulbs, switches and resistors in the correct places.
Making sure the design is suitable for the circuit we designed.
Making sure the symbols are correct (Physics and Engineering use different symbols)
Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division

In the designing of floor plan.

  • We have to calculate the voltages, currents and resistance of each circuit.
  • Without proper and accurate calculation, the circuits will not be able to work, and in some cases may short circuit.

Engineering Design Process (Zoom in to see clearly)

Define problem

The problem of the hospice is that people living in them do not have enough recreational activities and mostly lay in bed, occasionally going to the bathroom. And this is somewhat the only exercise they get - the walk to the bathroom.

Specify requirement

The requirement of the hospice is to have appropriate lighting and have more recreational activities that would allow patients to be attracted and want to move about, doing the activities.


We have done research and found out that many elderly love karaoke as a form of relaxation and gyms are quite popular amongst the youngsters as they can train and become more fit. Some people also take joy in planting their own mini-garden rather than a huge plot of land as the responsibility could be too much. Also, studies have shown that listening to songs in their past can help elderly with dementia to regain some memories.

Develop/Evaluate Possible solutions

With the research we have done, we have come up with different rooms and areas to implement the different recreational activities for the patients of the hospice. These different recreational activities would hopefully make them feel as though it was their home and they have the freedom to do the following as a form of relaxation. There will be a mini-garden at the balcony of every few rooms for them to do some gardening and decorate the areas. Common exercise areas, also known as gyms, will be beside the bedrooms followed by an activity room consisting of a chess area, a sofa area and a TV area, including a karaoke set.


Our design would be a balcony shared by a few rooms and on that balcony, there will be benches and a barbeque pit for them to have any celebrations with the visitors, and gardening spots. Outside the bedrooms would be the bathrooms that will be made easily accessible as we would not want any accidents. Beside the bedrooms is the common exercise area followed by the activity room.


We will be using Sketchup to visualise our ideas put in place as is would also be easier to see and animate too.


Some challenges we faced was making the Sketchup, piecing the different parts of the hospice together and putting the lighting. To overcome these challenges, we split up the work, having different people take charge of different parts of the hospice and one person to piece them together, fixing the lighting with opinions of others.


A short video will be made to show the features of the hospice we have designed.

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This is a short video introducing our design for the hospice. It is a detailed Google Sketchup of the hospice including the facilities and lighting of the different areas.

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This is a blog containing all resources for our work.

From this task, we learnt about how to use the different laws (such as Ohm’s Law) to calculate the circuits and to make sure they work. We also learnt how to write a proper research statement which caters to the needs of the customers, in this case the elderly. These new knowledge that we have gathered helped us in designing the hospice. Considering the problem and researches done, we have came up with a recreational-focused hospice. Lastly, we learnt about how we can apply these skills into real-life scenarios and how what we are researching about is related to Maths, Science, Physics and technology.

A strength of our team is that we are able to work together well without getting into any arguments which relates to the 10Cs of SST (collaboration) We are also able work consistently, spreading out the workload over a period of time so that we do not get too stressed nearing to the dateline, this relates to SST’s 4Rs (responsibility).

An area of improvement is that we should try being more responsible for our jobs and completing them without needing to push each other.

Cohen U., Arch D., & Allison D. (2009). Critical Issues in Healthcare Environments. Retrieved August 21, 2016, from https://www.healthdesign.org/chd/research/critical-issues-healthcare-environments

Barnet S., Gamble M., Punke H., Rappleye E., Rizzo E., & Rosin T. (2014, December 30). 10 challenges and opportunities for hospitals in 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2016, from http://www.beckershospitalreview.com/hospital-management-administration/10-challenges-and-opportunities-for-hospitals-in-2015.html

Appendix A:
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Our Blog: https://sotongs-blur.blogspot.sg/